Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosna i Hercegovina

Босна и Херцеговина

 

Kravice Waterfall   -   Markale Market Sarajevo   -   Adria   -   Cevapcici   -   Bosmal City Centar Sarajevo   -   Stari Most Stone Bridge   -   Stecci Medieval tombstones   -   Sebilj Fountain  -   Ajvar   -   Medieval Castle Travnik                                   

CAPITAL

Sarajevo

43°52′N 18°25′E

LANGUAGE

Official and national languages:

Bosnian

Serbian

Croatian 

POPULATION

April 2018 - 3,797,835

AREA

51,129 km2

CURRENCY

Convertible Mark

World Heritage Sites

3

Bosnia and Herzegovina is located on the Balkan Peninsula in Southeastern Europe. The largest city is Sarajevo, which is also the capital. The coastline is about 20 kilometres (12 miles) long surrounding the town of Neum. By the north and west Bosnia and Herzegovina is bordered by Croatia, Serbia to the east, Montenegro to the southeast and the Adriatic Sea to the south.

The geography is mostly mountainous in the central and eastern region. The northeast is predominantly flatland, whereas the northwest is moderately hilly. With moderate continental climate in the larger inland region the summers are hot and the winters are snowy. It is the southern tip of the country that mostly enjoys the Mediterranean climate.

The landscape of Bosnia-Herzegovina is characterized by medieval castle ruins and villages, rivers and lakes and consists of a mixed Ottoman and Austro-Hungarian history.

Hiking, mountain biking, white water rafting and skiing are very popular in the country. The Kravica Waterfall is a large tuff cascade on the Trebižat River, where you can swim.

The city of Mostar is known for its iconic Stari Most (Old Bridge), a converted Ottoman bridge from the 16th century. Sarajevo the capital is surrounded by the Dinaric Alps and has a museum to mark the history of the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in 1914. In the old quarter of Baščaršija, you can visit the famous Ottoman-era Gazi Husrev-bey Mosque. Although mostly landlocked, there are also some beaches on the Adriatic coast near Neum.