The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan

المملكة الأردنية الهاشمية (Arabic)

Al-Mamlakah Al-Urdunnīyah Al-Hāshimīyah

 

Wadi Rum Desert  -   Amphitheater  -   Local Man  -  Amman Citadel   -  Dead Sea Coral Reef   -  Petra   -   King Abdullah I Mosque   -   Camels   -   Kunafa Dessert   -   Wadi Mujib River   -   Mansaf

CAPITAL

Amman

31°56′59″N 35°55′58″E

LANGUAGE

Official and national language:

Arabic

POPULATION

April 2018 - 8,279,437

AREA

89,341 km2

CURRENCY

Jordanian Dinar

World Heritage Sites

5

The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan is an Arab nation in western Asia, bordered by Saudi Arabia to the south, Iraq to the north-east, Syria to the north and Israel and Palestine to the west. The most busy and political, economical and cultural centre is its capital Amman.

The country is on the East Bank of the Jordan River and lies geographically and strategically at the crossland of Europe, Africa and Asia. Except of a small shoreline on the Red Sea in its extreme south-west and the Dead Sea along its western borders it’s landlocked. Although Jordan does not have a coastline on the Mediterranean, it is still counted for climatic and cultural reasons to the Mediterranean countries.



The country’s most impressive tourist attraction is the archaeological site of Petra, an old Nabatean city carved into sandstone cliffs and a today a UNESCO World Heritage site. Petra was lost for thousands of years. Rediscovered in the 19th century it’s one of the New Seven Wonders of the World. Jordan is defined by ancient monuments, nature reserves and seaside resorts. Other important sites worth seeing in Jordan as well including the desert of Wadi Rum, a place of breathtaking natural beauty. The sandstone mountains reach up to 1500 meters and canyons cut their way, that makes a perfect place for rock climbing, horse riding and camel safaris. In the modern capital Amman you can visit the Jordan Archaeological Museum. The Red Sea is known for incredible diving and snorkeling. Aqaba is probably best location for stunning beaches and water sports.