Lebanese Republic

الجمهورية اللبنانية (Arabic)

al-Jumhūrīyah al-Lubnānīyah

 

Kadisha Valley  -   Forest of the Cedars of God   -   Beirut  -  Temple of Bacchus in Baalbeck   -  Mzaar Kfardebian   -  Baatara Gorge Waterfall in the Tannourinne   -  The Mohammad Al-Amin Masjid Mosque   -   Harissa, Lady of Lebanon  -   Pigeon Rocks in Raouch   -   Jeita Cave

CAPITAL

Beirut

33°53′13″N 35°30′47″E

LANGUAGE

Official and national language:

Lebanese

POPULATION

April 2018 - 10,927,529

AREA

10,452 km2

CURRENCY

Lebanese Pound

World Heritage Sites

5

Lebanon is a sovereign state in Western Asia and the smallest recognised country on the entire mainland Asian continent. It is bordered by Syria to the north and east and Israel to the south, while Cyprus is west across the Mediterranean Sea. Lebanon is religious and ethnically diverse due to its rich history and location at the crossroad of the Mediterranean Basin.

It was a maritime culture that flourished for over a thousand years. It’s location in the Mediterranean region and the Arabian hinterland facilitated a rich history. It became one of the Empire's leading centers of Christianity in 64 BC when it came under the rule of the Roman Empire. There are so many interesting places to visit, one being the nature side with the Cedars of God, which is a rare forest of Lebanon cedar trees. The Kadisha Valley is a dramatic river gorge with waterfalls, ancient rock-cut churches and monasteries. Visit the temple of Bacchus that refers to the Greek and Roman wine god or the most important farming region Beqaa Valley, where you can find dozen of wineries for a wine tasting. For archeology enthusiasts, Baalbek and Al Bass, the archaeological site in Tyre are highly recommended. For those who want to be more active in the mountains, the Mount Lebanon range offers hiking and skiing at an altitude of 2,600 meters.