KINGDOM OF SPAIN

REINO DE ESPAñA

 

Paella   -   Ibiza   -   Rioja wine   -   Tapas   -   Christopher Columbus   -   Sevilla   -   Flamenco   -   Camp Nou, Real Madrid   -   Jamón Serrano   -   Sagrada Familia                                     

CAPITAL

Madrid
40°23′N 3°43′W

LANGUAGE

Official and national language:

Spanish

Co-official languages in certain autonomous communities:

Catalan, Galician, Basque, Occitan

POPULATION

April 2018 - 45,879,558 

AREA

505,990 km2

CURRENCY

Euro

World Heritage Sites

48

Spain, officially the Kingdom of Spain is a country located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe. It is the largest country in Southern Europe and the sixth largest by population. Madrid is Spain's capital and the largest city followed by Barcelona, Valencia, Sevilla, Bilbao and Málaga.

The country's mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small land boundary with Gibraltar. France, Andorra and the Bay of Biscay in the north, Portugal in the west and the Atlantic Ocean in the northwest. The Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea, the Canary Islands off the African Atlantic and several small islands in the Alboran Sea near the African coast belong also belong to the Spanish territory. The two cities of Ceuta and Melilla are located on the African mainland, which make Spain the only European country to have a border with the African country Morocco.

There are thousand of reasons to visit Madrid. In addition to the old town, the Plaza Mayor and Palacio Real de Madrid you should not miss the Museo del Prado. Here you can admire the most important collection of Spanish paintings before 1900. Madrid's attractions are very close to each other: the Prado, Reina Sofía and Thyssen-Bornemisza museums are all located on the Paseo del Prado. Seville, the cradle of flamenco dancing is dominated by the largest Gothic church in the world, the Cathedral of Maria de la Sede, where you can visit the tomb of Christopher Columbus. The medieval Royal Palace Alcázar is a further highlight.

Barcelona, the capital of Catalonia is full of life and offers endless recreational opportunities. Famous for the masterpieces of the Catalan architect Antoni Gaudi. Fascinating buildings such as Park Güell or Casa Batlló shape the cityscape of Barcelona. In addition, the impressive Basilica Sagrada Familia is one of the most famous sights in Spain.

A visit to the Alhambra in Granada should not be missed. Whether you admire the sunrise or the sunset here - the Alhambra blooms in a wonderful light at any time of the day. Especially in winter, a picture with the snow peaks in the background is a dream.

Santiago de Compostela in the Northwest is best known as the destination of pilgrims on the Way of St. James, and the Romanesque cathedral with its baroque towers is considered a top sight of Galicia. Bilbao is the largest city in the Basque country. Absolutely worth seeing are the Guggenheim Museum. Navarra’s capital, Pamplona, is famed for its annual running of the bulls.

The Teide National Park on the Canary Island of Tenerife awaits you with pure nature at Pico del Teide, the highest mountain in Spain. The beautiful landscapes of the Spanish Pyrenees,  its regions Navarre, Aragon and Catalonia should have been seen by every visitor to Spain. The Pyrenees mountain range which stretches over 450 km and peaks at an altitude of around 3,000 m, is often referred to as the "big barrier" between Spain and France.