Republic of Tunisia
الجمهورية التونسية (Arabic)
al-Jumhūrīyah at (Tūnisīyah)
Tozeur - National Park Ichkeul - Monastir - Baklava - el-Ghriba Synagogue - Ruins of Ancient Carthage - Tajine - Al-Zaytuna Mosque - Medina of Sousse - Kairouan
Official and national language:
April 2018 - 11,606,840
World Heritage Sites
Tunisia’s name is derived from its capital Tunis in the northeast coast. It’s a sovereign state in Northwest Africa and has with Cape Angela the northernmost point on the African continent.
To the north and east it borders the Mediterranean Sea, Algeria lies to the west and southwest and Libya to the southeast. Tunisia’s south reaches the Sahara desert and contains the eastern end of the Atlas Mountains. However the majority of the country's land is fertile soil.
Tunisia has a long distinct culture. For a long time the Ottomans and later the French ruled in the Mediterranean state. The population is a mix of Jews and Christians who have been living in a Muslim majority for centuries. In the capital Tunis, old Arab souks and mosques line up alongside modern office buildings.
In the Bardo Museum in Tunis, one of the most important in the Mediterranean region and famous for its collections and in the Carthage National Museum in Byrsa you can find archaeological exhibits from Roman mosaics to Islamic art. A visit worth is the Al-Zaytuna Mosque is the oldest in the Capital of Tunisia and covers an area of 5,000 square metres or El Djem an ancient Roman city with the largest Roman monument in Africa. In the ruins of the amphitheater of Thysdrus some scenes of the movie Gladiator were filmed. Another film set was the Berber town of Matmata and its subterranean desert homes, which appeared in scenes from the Star Wars films.