Republic of Turkey

Türkiye Cumhuriyeti

 

Bosphorus Bridge   -   Sweet Delights   -   Nazar   -  Shish Kebab   -   Cappadocia   -   Bazar   -   Hagia Sophia   -   Pamukkale   -   Mustafa Kemal Atatürk   -   Turkish Mocca

CAPITAL

Ankara

39°56′N 32°52′E

LANGUAGE

Official and national language:

Turkish

POPULATION

April 2018 - 82,469,292

AREA

783,356  km2

CURRENCY

Turkish Lira

World Heritage Sites

18

Turkey is a transcontinental country in Eurasia, which borders eight countries.

The main area Anatolia lies in Western Asia, whereas a smaller portion is located on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe. The Turkish Straits divide Thrace and Anatolia and separate Europe and Asia. It is formed by the Bosphorus, the Sea of Marmara and the Dardanelles.

The country is in three sides encircled by seas: to the west with the Aegean Sea on three sides, the Black Sea to the north, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. Ankara is Turkey’s capital city, while Istanbul as the largest city and main cultural and commercial centre, is classified as a leading global city.

Turkey is a richly historical land with cultural connections to ancient Greek, Persian, Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman empires. In Istanbul you can visit many popular sites. The

famous Topkapı Museum, a 15th- century palace that served as the main residence and administrative headquarters of the Ottoman sultans. The Sultan Ahmed Mosque also known as the Blue Mosque. The Hagia Sophia a byzantine basilica and the former Greek Orthodox Christian patriarchal cathedral, later an Ottoman imperial mosque and now a museum. The Basilica Cistern a huge underground Roman water source or the Dolmabahçe Palace the main administrative center of the Ottoman Empire. Important archaeological sites are the ancient city of Ephesus, Troy and Pergamon. Pamukkale is well known for the mineral-rich thermal waters flowing down white travertine terraces and the region of Cappadocia for the fairy chimneys.